When I was younger, I pretended to like rap-metal music to fit in with the cool kids. That phase didn’t last, much to my parents’ delight.
In 2011, the FBI’s National Gang Intelligence Center Report classified “Juggalos,” fans of the rap-metal group Insane Clown Posse, as a “hybrid gang.” To the FBI, a hybrid gang was a loosely organized group of individuals with multiple affiliations and a high propensity to commit random criminal activity. The Juggalos were included because they committed “sporadic, disorganized, individualistic” crimes such as assault, petty theft, and vandalism.
The Juggalos didn’t like this, so they sued, claiming their status as a gang in the 2011 report resulted in unnecessary law enforcement encounters and arrests and violated their constitutional rights.
You can read more in my column for the Indiana Lawyer about how the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled and whether the Juggalos were included in the 2015 FBI report (the most recent report available online.)